Committed to providing you and your family with the best survival knowledge, skills and equipment.
5 Essential Tips on Surviving Your First Hiking Trip
is literally not a walk in the park. It involves walking on trails of various
terrains, elevations, and steepness. Given the right weather conditions and
preparations, even a couch potato can successfully complete or even enjoy a
beauty and tranquility that can be offered by Mother Nature is usually a great
way to dilute the stress of the daily grind. However, there are certain
considerations that you must keep in mind to reduce untoward incidents––and
have as much fun as you possibly can.
If you are a novice hiker, you might be at a loss on how to go about it. The list below shares what’s essential for your very first hike––in order of importance.
1. Choose a Trail that is Suited to Your Fitness Level
best way to increase your chances of surviving any endeavor is to carefully
plan ahead. Hence, if you wish to make your first hiking trip memorable in the
right way, you must choose a trail that suits your current fitness level.
that most hikers post great photos of their adventures, it can be easy to
underestimate the trail level if you just rely on “Instagrammable” views. Here
are some of the things that you should take note of when you do your trail
difficulty and trail type
Best months to go
Once you start your hike, make sure that you don’t rush into it. Pacing is vital to a successful hike. You are not in a competition—you are here to enjoy what’s around yo
2. Prepare an Appropriate Hiking Pack
The contents of your hiking pack will depend on the weather and the season you’re currently in. Outdoorcommand has a number of buyer’s guides to help you choose which gears are best suited for your upcoming adventure. Here are the bare essentials that must you must bring with you in any hike:
Daypack: 20L to 35L capacity should be enough, though you can go for bigger ones if you eventually plan to level up.
Water Bottle or Hydration Pack: The general rule is 500mL of water for every hour of hiking.
Trail Food: Go for food items that don’t need cooking, such as dried fruits, energy bars, biscuits, and nuts.
Headlamp or Flashlight: You may not plan on night hiking, but you never know when it would come handy.
Multi-tool or Knife: These will always prove to be useful at one point or another.
Navigation Device: This can be a compass, a map, or a GPS device. The trail may be well-labeled, but it’s better to be prepared.
First Aid Kit: Include antihistamines, antiseptics, bandages, pain killers, and tweezers, just to name a few.
Extra Clothes: Weather conditions can be unpredictable, so you’re better off bringing some extra clothes.
3. Wear the Right Clothes
might be tempting to choose stylish clothes just to look good on your photos, but
you will be sorry if you wear the wrong clothes and footwear to your hike. For
clothes, go for moisture-wicking fabrics and wool (for cold weather hikes) as
these materials dry quickly.
You should also bring sun protection accessories such as hats and sunglasses if you are hiking in the heat. Make sure that you do your research on the best hiking clothes for men and women so that you’re well-protected when hiking day comes.
4. Fuel and Hydrate Adequately
The importance of hydrating before, during, and after the hike cannot be stressed enough. Additionally, snacks can also keep you going when you’re already feeling weak. Make sure that you also pack a “victory snack,” or the snack that you will eat at the end of the hike. This will serve as your reward for a job well done.
5. Follow Outdoor Etiquette
No Trace” is probably the most widely known outdoor etiquette in existence. It
just simply means that you should clean up after yourself, and leave the trails
exactly as you found it––or even better than you found it, if you chanced upon
it in bad condition.
considerate of other people and the wildlife that live in the area. As the
saying goes, “Take nothing but pictures, leave nothing but footprints.”
if it might take a lot of physical effort, hiking can be a tremendously
rewarding experience. The key to surviving hikes is to ensure that you know
exactly what you are getting yourself into. If you are fully prepared for the
challenges of the trails, you’d surely enjoy your first hiking trip.
SHTF Essentials – A Comprehensive Bug Out Bag List
A bug out bag is basically pack of survival items that you can easily carry around with, especially with the aim of reaching your bug out location. The bug out backpack has to be resilient and comfortable enough for you to carry around, at least for 72 hours. The main reason of having a bug out bag is so that you can easily evacuate if there’s a need.
To have the ‘BEST’ bug out bag, you need to have an awesome
bag, and the bug out bag contents has to be planned as well. This would mean
you need a comprehensive bug out bag list. Having a quality bug out bag is only
half the battle, you need suitable survival gears and survival skills to face
Do note, you can further split this into categories too such
as children’s Bug out bag or even a bug out bag for the elderly! There’s no
hard and fast rule as to how you should pack your bug out bag, but I’ll raise
some of the common items everyone should consider putting in their bug out bag.
In my view, there are some fundamental items your bag should
contain, and you can customize your bag for different emergency situations.
The purpose of making a bug out bag list is so that you will
have a clear idea of what you need (making a distinction between your wants and
needs). Although we don’t know what the future holds, you can’t be bringing too
many things. There’s no way you can carry it for long hours.
The goal is to keep only items that help you become
self-sufficient, surviving various situations. You don’t need to stuff any
fancy shmancy tools that you don’t use. With that said, let’s see what are the
top items you need for your bug out bag.
Water is placed number 1 because of its importance. Without
getting proper water supply, your success of surviving a bug-out situation will
drastically decrease. I would suggest
prioritizing the need to get good water supply before even thinking about food.
Especially if you are caught in hot weather, you may suffer from dehydration.
Water can be seen in 2 aspects, (1) Storage and (2)
For Storage, you can use water bottles
or even sealed pouches. The water bottle you choose should be solid and has no
paint or coating.
Ideally, you should keep 3 liters of water in your bag
because it’s suggested that one adult should drink at least 1 liter of water
per day. Since you are aiming to survive for 72 hours, you’ll need 3 liters.
You can even get a Platypus Bladder, where most of them has
holsters for a bladder container which you can use to store water and drink
from it. Make sure to get one that is easily collapsible so that you can store
it with ease when you are not using it.
For Purification, you can keep some
iodine tablets or some other device to filter the water.
You need to pick your water purification tablets wisely
because there are a huge range of products in the market, manufactured for different
needs. For example, some tablets are made to purify water you obtain from
Alternatively, you can pack water filters such as LifeStraw.
They are often compact, which makes packing them easy.
To kill two birds with one stone, I would suggest storing a
backpack stove because they are an excellent tool for cooking water and food.
Let’s be real, it’s extremely time consuming to get an A-frame logwood to
ignite. This would be highly dependent on your surroundings as well, if the
temperature is cold or its drizzling, the probability of you successfully
setting up a campfire would fall drastically.
Since water is heavy, you need to consider how to balance
the need to pack clean water, and getting water purifiers as substitute.
Next, you may want to ensure that you have enough food
supply. There are several criteria to consider, including how long the food can
last, how much energy content does it contain and what nutrients it has.
You definitely need to keep some food supply packed in your
bug out bag to keep your body healthy and obtain stamina. You should definitely
consider the weight of the food as well.
If you live in a rural setting, you can consider packing
hunting gears so that you can hunt animals as a source of food when you are en
route to your bug out location.
If you don’t want to make things complicated, you can just
get any energy bars that is jam-packed with calories. If you want to be more
careful with what food you pack, you can check out this list of food which I
Energy bars – It’s
important that you distinguish between a food bar, a ration bar and even a
candy bar. Candy bar is self-explanatory, so I’ll skip that.
Ration bars are
often packed in mylar, which are made of a combination of flour, vitamins and
electrolytes. Ration bars usually have a bland taste, made to address a
particular emergency situation.
Since there are many types and flavors in the market, you
need to test them out to see which one you like. You can check out Mayday Apple
Cinnamon Bar which come in individual packets and they come with specific
flavours. Or, you can even choose the Datrex 3600 Food Ration Bar which comes
with multiple bars with each sub-packaged to ensure freshness.
Some do not consider this as food for your bug out bag
because they are designed to save lives (such as being stored in
lifeboats). But to me, they are
fundamental items you should store as well.
For Food bars,
they are portable bars which taste better than ration bars. Most of them taste
like candy or even cookies. These bars are made to give you energy and
sufficient nutrition as well. However, ration bars tend to give more nutrients
because they are ‘made’ that way.
You can check out Clif Bars to get food bars that have a
good source of protein and fiber.
MREs – Meals
Ready to Eat (MREs) or “wet food” often taste better than energy bars. Also,
most MREs are made to last for years. If you would like to prioritize long-term
storage, MREs would be your top pick.
However, your body may have some reactions to MREs if you
are not used to consuming them. This can be solved by getting your body used to
Dehydrated Food –
Dehydrated foods are excellent for long-term storage but they are a bit pricey.
Dehydrated food requires a reasonable amount of water to re-constitute, which
cause you to use-up some clean water-supply.
Mountain House is THE company to look out for when it comes
to dehydrated food. They are known for producing survival food kits and
dehydrated food that taste awesome!
Clothing comes hand in hand with shelter, because both of
them are aimed to protect you from external elements.
Although there are various disaster scenarios that you may
be caught in, you can still reasonably predict what environment you will be in
when Shit Hit the Fan.
To make your thought-system more systematic, you can think
of what layer of clothing you need to pack for.
For myself, I would like to see it as Base Layer Clothing,
Mid-layer clothing and outer-layer clothing. Each layer has different functions
The base layer is meant to keep your body as dry as
possible. This means that getting a fabric that easily absorbs moisture would
be ideal. Keeping your body dry throughout the bug out scenario is important to
avoid bacterial growth and it helps keep you comfortable. I’ll suggest that you
use cotton or wool for base layer clothing.
For mid-layer clothing, its purpose is to help maintain your
body temperature. Therefore, it’s important that you get a mid-layer clothing
with good insulative qualities. For this layer, the materials which you can
look out for is cotton, wool and fleece.
The Outer layer should be waterproof and durable but allows
moisture to escape. One excellent material you can consider is jackets that are
coated with membrane.
With that said, here are some general ideas for what clothes
you need to pack – spare clothes, long pants, coat, boots, extra socks,
mid-layer shirts and a hat.
In your bug out bag, you need to include some type of shelter
to protect your body from external elements. You can either pack a tarpaulin
sheet, a tent or a sleeping bag.
Tents are really
comfortable to be in, but they are heavy and bulky. Try to get a tent that
weighs less than 5 lbs so that you won’t go overboard on the weight.
If you are looking for something more portable, you can opt
for tarps. Since you can set them up into different configurations, they are
definitely more feasible to be used in most situations.
Since ‘shelter’ include anything that protects your body
from external elements, it will include fire starting kits as well.
A general list of items you can consider include a space
blankets (first aid blankets), poncho, Tarp, sleeping bags and tents.
As for a list of items to help you maintain surrounding heat.,
you can consider getting a firestarting kit, single Burner Folding stove, hand
warmer and windproof torch lighter.
Shelter is important because exposure to cold temperature
for long hours can kill you. If you stay in a place with extreme weather, you
need to take shelter SERIOUSLY. For cold weather, you will need to find ways to
create heat sources so that you can retain your body heat. Make sure you don’t
lose your body heat unnecessarily.
If you live in an area with warm weather, you may have to
consider bringing more water and packing more loose clothing.
5. Medical Supplies
Getting ready a first aid kit in your bug out bag is a
MUST-HAVE. Usually, they won’t take up a lot of space.
Medical supplies are highly personalized, so you need to mull
through what you need to use. This includes going through what are the
potential diseases that you will likely contract.
To do this, you need to know what are the injuries that you
will most likely face in a bugging out situation. There are various categories
of injuries including Traumatic injuries, burn injuries, minor wounds, mobility
injuries, infectious diseases and your individual medical needs.
To understand your individual medical needs, you need to go
through a personal screening by talking to your doctor and ask what are the
medicines you need.
Generally, it’s important to include some basic items such a
bandage, disinfectants and scissors. Other items you can consider are
Tourniquets, Israeli Bandages, Hygiene Kit, Wet Naps or even ThyroSafe
Potassium Iodine Tablets.
To Sum Up
I hope that the bug out bag list has helped you consider
different aspects as to what you should pack. This list is aimed to help you
create a new bug out bag list, which is definitely not an exhaustive list. Feel
free to give your suggestions in the comments on what to add in the list.
Bear in mind the important factors when considering which items you want to store in your bag. Be sure to take into account other considerations too such as what location you live in, what bug-out skills you have, what are the likely threat you will face and how many people you need to protect. With all these factors considered, I am sure your success of surviving a calamity will drastically increase.
5 Reasons Why Biology Homework Is Essential For Your Survivability
As a student, you need to view homework as more than just a way to improve your grades in school. Learning should not be centered around the four walls of a classroom. When you have the right attitude toward learning, and toward your biology homework, you will learn skills that are essential for survival in different situations. You see, biology as a science studies life forms. It dwells on everything regarding life from the single cell organisms to multi-cell organisms. Freelance writers who write about biology can testify to this fact that knowledge of biology is key to survival.
5 Reasons Why Interest In Biology Can Save
1. In Case You Get Frostbite
Frostbite can happen when you stay in cold
regions for an extended period. Whether you’re there by choice or by force,
knowledge of biology can help you survive. While a mild case of frostbite will
not cause any lasting damage, a more serious case can lead to a number of
severe symptoms. Some of these include blistering, loss of feeling, cold
sensitive, and hypothermia all of which can lead to death. The worst mistake
you can make at a time like this is using friction to warm the part of your
body that is affected. This can damage your tissue.
2. In Case Of A Heart Attack
While heart attacks are more likely to happen
to people who are more advanced in age, youths still have a slight risk of
having a heart attack. When the body can no longer pump blood to the heart
efficiently, the heart muscles suffer a deficit in oxygen and die. From a
biology textbook or articles written by freelance writers, you can learn the
symptoms of a heart attack and seek out professional help. Taking an aspirin tablet as soon as you notice the symptoms
can reduce the risk of clot formation. If you’re not the one having the heart
attack and the patient is not responding, attempt cardiopulmonary resuscitation
with your hands.
3. In Case You Suffer Burns
There are several circumstances that can lead to burns. Whatever the case may be, knowing about the human body will help you get or provide instant relief before experts get there. Most people think the best way to relieve a burn is with ice. This is only going to damage the burnt skin more. The best thing to do in such a situation is to use a sterile dressing to cover the affected skin and wait for the medical team to arrive.
4. In Case Of Convulsions
If someone around you suffers a convulsion,
you can quickly check the internet for an article about how to provide first
aid. There are many articles by freelance writers about this emergency. A
convulsion is also called a seizure and it’s a situation where a person suffers
rhythmic movements of the muscles that cannot be controlled. It happens when
the brain receives abnormal electrical impulses. While these seizures can stop
without any first aid, you can help the victim by assisting them to lay down in
a comfortable position. It’s common to see people put objects in their mouths
but this should be avoided. Just remove harmful objects from the environment
and wait for a medical professional.
5. In Case Of A Traumatic Head Injury
You can suffer a traumatic head injury when you hit your head hard. If you don’t get medical attention as soon as it happens, you will be at risk of brain damage. The first thing to do would be to call for professional help. If you’re not the one who got injured, you can assist the victim by checking if their airways are blocked. If the person is not conscious, perform CPR.
There are many other ways to care for yourself or someone else during a medical emergency. Learning about how the human body works during biology lectures or from freelance writers will teach you more survival techniques in cases of emergency.
Sebastian Miller is a former Calling Lake School science teacher. After 4 years of teaching, he decided to become a freelance writer. In Sebastian’s opinion, math is the core of all science and his goal is to enlighten as many schoolers as possible through writing.