Building Your First Hunting AR-15: A Step-By-Step Guide

Crafting a hunting AR-15 from scratch presents a deeply engaging endeavor, offering a sense of accomplishment for firearms enthusiasts. This hands-on project can hone technical skills and allow for personalization, which ensures the final build meets the specific needs and preferences of the hunter. This process culminates in a uniquely tailored, high-performance hunting tool that embodies precision and reliability.

Building Your First Hunting AR-15: A Step-By-Step Guide
AR-15 M4 Rifle 300 Blackout

While numerous components and variations exist, this guide will cover the essential steps, providing a solid foundation for your first build. Read on to learn more. 

Understanding The Basics

Before diving into the assembly process, it’s crucial to familiarize yourself with the AR-15’s basic components and functionality. The AR-15 platform is renowned for its modularity, allowing for various customizations tailored to hunting needs. Some key elements include the lower receiver, upper receiver, barrel, stock, and handguard, each playing a pivotal role in the firearm’s performance.

On the other hand, if you’re seeking quality parts and expert guidance, it’s best to check out reputable online resources or visit and similar options for more information. These resources can offer a diverse selection of AR-15 components and accessories, ideal for custom building a hunting rifle that meets specific requirements.

Planning Your Build

Embarking on your AR-15 hunting build requires thoughtful planning. This initial phase lays the groundwork for a rifle that perfectly aligns with your hunting aspirations. To plan your build properly, consider the following tips:

1. Choosing the Right Caliber

        The choice of caliber is paramount in a hunting AR-15. Popular options include .223 Remington for smaller game and the more powerful .308 Winchester or 6.5 Creedmoor for larger game. Also, consider the game you intend to hunt and local regulations when selecting your caliber.

        2. Selecting Components

        To ensure a favorable building experience, choosing the right components is crucial. Some essential components include: 

        • Lower Receiver: As the foundation of your AR-15, it’s crucial to select a lower receiver that’s compatible with your desired caliber and made of high-quality materials.
        • Upper Receiver and Barrel: These components are critical for accuracy. A longer barrel can offer increased accuracy over distance, which is beneficial for hunting
        • Stock: Choose a comfortable, adjustable stock that can be tailored to fit your body and shooting style.
        • Handguard: Opt for a handguard that provides sufficient space for accessories while ensuring comfort and heat resistance during extended use.
        • Optics and Sights: High-quality optics can greatly enhance your hunting experience by improving accuracy and range.

        Following these planning tips ensures you build your first hunting AR-15 properly and safely.

        Assembling The Lower Receiver 

        The lower receiver houses the trigger assembly, magazine well, and stock attachment point. Begin assembling this component by securing the lower receiver in a vise. Install the magazine catch, trigger assembly, and safety selector following the manufacturer’s instructions. Precision and attention to detail are crucial in this step to ensure the functionality and safety of your firearm.

        Installing The Trigger Group  

        The trigger group critically influences your AR-15’s accuracy and responsiveness. Carefully install the trigger, hammer, and associated springs. Conduct a function test to ensure the trigger assembly operates smoothly and safely.

        Attaching The Stock 

        The stock is attached to the rear of the lower receiver. Depending on the stock type, installation might involve sliding it onto the buffer tube or securing it with screws. Ensure the stock is firmly attached and wobble-free to provide a stable shooting platform.

        Assembling The Upper Receiver 

        The upper receiver assembly involves several key steps: 

        • Installing the Barrel: Secure the upper receiver in a vise and carefully install the barrel, ensuring it’s properly aligned and torqued to the manufacturer’s specifications.
        • Attaching the Handguard: After the barrel is installed, attach the handguard. This component should provide a comfortable grip and ample space for mounting accessories.
        • Mounting the Optics: Choose a scope or sighting system suitable for your hunting needs and mount it securely to the upper receiver.

        Assembling the upper receiver is a crucial milestone, combining precision and craftsmanship to create the rifle’s core. This step can bring you closer to the field-ready firearm.

        Final Assembly And Safety Check

        With the upper and lower receivers complete, the final step is to join them together. This is typically done by aligning the pivot pins and pushing them into place, securing the two halves of the rifle.

        Once assembled, conduct a comprehensive safety check. Verify that all components are securely installed and that the firearm operates as expected. Performing a function test under safe conditions is advisable to ensure reliability.


        Building your first hunting AR-15 can be a complex but gratifying experience. By keeping the information mentioned above in mind, you can create a customized rifle that meets your specific hunting needs. Remember, patience and attention to detail are key to building a safe and effective hunting firearm. Whether you’re a seasoned gunsmith or a first-time builder, the journey of creating your own AR-15 can offer both challenges and rewards.

        5 Tips on How to Protect Your Hunting Rifle Scope From the Elements

        Just bought a hunting rifle scope and wonder how to protect it when you go on your outdoor adventures? Not sure how to do it or if you need to buy extra equipment?

        Hunting isn’t a hobby you can do sitting at home where you’re protected from the elements. It’s a rugged activity where you and your equipment will be exposed to everything mother nature can throw at you.

        From things like the rain, heat, or cold to accidents like dropping your rifle and scratching the lenses, there are many ways hunting rifle scopes can get damaged while you’re outside.

        Fortunately, there are many ways you can protect and weather-proof your hunting rifle scope without spending a fortune or having to worry about it constantly. In this guide, we’ll teach you how to do it yourself.

        5 Ways You Can Protect Your Hunting Rifle Scope

        Here are five things you can do to protect your hunting rifle scope from the elements. Whether you’re using an LPVO or a simple scope, you’ll want to check these tips out.

        (For more useful information about hunting rifle scopes and firearms in general, check out Shooting Mystery.)

        5 Ways You Can Protect Your Hunting Rifle Scope (For more useful information about hunting rifle scopes and firearms in general, check out Shooting Mystery.)

        Buy a Scope Lens Cover or Dust Cap

        The most effective way to prevent your scope lenses from getting damaged is by getting a scope lens cover (sometimes called a dust cap) for both ends of the scope.

        There are an unbelievable number of lens covers that you can find that will fit any size rifle scope. In fact, many rifle scope companies sell it alongside the scope.

        If your scope doesn’t come with one, you can get a pair that screws on and off, pops on and off, or flips up and away from the scope’s front and rear, allowing you to push the flaps down when you’re done.

        While this part is up to personal preference, the flip-up lens covers are the most convenient — no need to worry about where to store them after use.

        Get a Full-Size Scope Cover

        Other than the lenses, the scope’s body also needs protection. The best ones are made of a neoprene material that protects the metal parts of the scope from corrosion and scratches.

        The neoprene material is usually thick enough to absorb most normal bumps and knocks it can encounter during regular use. These covers also conform tightly to the scope’s housing, providing no extra bulk.

        Even if dirt does get stuck between the neoprene cover and the scope, the material’s soft nature means it won’t scratch or damage your scope.

        Don’t Store the Scope Outdoors

        When you’re done using your hunting rifle and scope, make sure not to leave them exposed to the elements by storing them outdoors.

        Factors like humidity, temperature, water, and oxidation will damage your scope over time, especially if you live in a more humid area or near the sea.

        The safest thing to do with your hunting rifle scope is to store it indoors, where it won’t be exposed to harsh conditions.

        You might also want to consider getting a storage case or bag for your scope and rifle, whether you always take your scope off or keep it on your rifle after use.

        Use a Sling With Your Hunting Rifle

        Using a sling with a hunting rifle is highly recommended for safety and convenience reasons. It keeps your hands free if you need to do other things like grip on trees for stability or dig the bullet out of your prey’s carcass.

        However, using a hunting rifle sling can also prevent damage to your scope. If you accidentally drop the rifle while holding it, the sling prevents it from hitting the ground.

        Using a sling with a hunting rifle is highly recommended for safety and convenience reasons.

        Imagine if you didn’t have a sling. The rifle would hit the ground hard, most likely damaging the sensitive scope, which would be a very costly mistake.

        The sling allows you to be more mobile and walk freely without the rifle getting in your way while keeping it close to the body. This reduces the chances of it bumping into trees.

        Clean Your Hunting Rifle Scope After Each Use

        One step that can keep your hunting rifle scope looking brand new for years to come is regular cleaning. This is because your scope will be splattered with dirt, dust, moisture, and other external elements.

        If you clean your scope each time after hunting and before storing it indoors (and in the case), you’ll prevent any dirt, dust, or particles from sticking to the scope.

        You’ll want to remove any excess dirt particles because some are abrasive enough to scratch the material of your rifle scope, even if it’s marketed as scratch-resistant.

        Just because your rifle scope is rated to be weather-resistant and scratch-resistant doesn’t mean you can be careless with it. It just means there’s a less likely chance it will get damaged if you are.

        How You Can Protect the Rest of Your Rifle

        While protecting your hunting rifle scope, you should also take care of the rifle it’s mounted on. Some of these tips and tricks can be done simultaneously to protect both the optic AND the weapon.

        Put Muzzle Tape on Your Barrel

        Your rifle’s barrel is one of the largest entry points where dirt, dust, and humidity enter. It’s also the part of the rifle most crucial to accuracy.

        Having any rust or corrosion inside the barrel isn’t ideal and can lead to irreparable damage. Taping the front end of the barrel with electrical tape can help cover it up.

        After shooting, the electrical tape will come off by itself. Then, Remove the extra pieces with your hands (unload the weapon first, of course).

        Before you clean the gun and put it back into storage, you can put more muzzle tape again so that you don’t forget it the next time you go hunting.

        Use Protective Anti-rust Coatings

        Using anti-rust coatings on the outside of the rifle can help keep it rust and corrosion free. Make sure to apply these anti-rust or corrosive solvents on the outer part of your rifle.

        Examples of anti-rust coatings are Rem Oil, WD-40, Kroil, and Corrosion-X. You can apply these by putting the liquids on a damp cloth and then rubbing it on your barrel’s exterior.

        Disassemble and Clean After Use

        You should disassemble and clean the parts of your rifle, especially after a particularly dusty, humid, or wet day in the field. You can do this as part of your end-of-day routine.

        Disassembling and cleaning the rifle of all oils and grime helps, especially in icy or dirty conditions. For icy conditions, cleaning up the oil prevents it from freezing and getting too sticky.

        For dirty and dusty conditions, the oil might mix with dirt and dry up as the day progresses, causing it to turn into a thick mush that will clog up your rifle.

        If you’re hunting in frigid weather, consider disassembling it and leaving it in a cold but covered area. Putting it back in average temperatures might induce condensation.

        Frequently Asked Questions

        After learning more about how to protect your hunting rifle scope from the elements, you might have some related questions. Here are answers to the most commonly asked ones.

        Can You Wrap a Scope?

        You can choose to wrap your scope in vinyl skin as an additional layer of protection while you’re out and about instead of using a neoprene cover.

        Most people buy it because you can choose custom designs or add camouflage to a plain-looking scope. Functionally, it can also repel some dirt and prevent rusting.

        However, remember that it shouldn’t be used as a replacement for a full-size neoprene scope cover. This is because it won’t protect against any bumps or falls.

        Can a Rifle Scope Go Bad?

        Sometimes, the rifle scope will go bad (losing accuracy, clarity, or reliability) even if you take care of it properly. In this case, take some time to diagnose the problem before going hunting again.

        If the rifle has just lost its zero, then all you need to do is zero it in again. However, if it constantly loses zero right after adjusting it, there might be another issue.

        If you see fogging or liquids inside the scope, it means that the waterproofing seal has broken, and you won’t be able to trust the scope for any accurate shots.

        If it makes weird sounds whenever you move it, like something is loose inside, then you’ll have to replace the scope. Check with your scope’s manufacturer for warranty claims.

        Can a Rifle Scope Lose Zero?

        If you miss even when your shot should be on target, the most likely cause is that your rifle scope has lost its zero. There are many reasons why a rifle scope loses zero.

        Sometimes, it loses zero because of excessive recoil, improper installation, incorrect scope mounts, or because you’ve dropped the scope hard.

        Some of these issues require reinstallation or even bringing it in for repairs, but you can try to zero in the rifle scope again to see if it still works well.

        Final Thoughts

        Protecting your hunting rifle scope from the elements isn’t as complicated as it sounds. Methods like buying covers for the scope and lenses help prevent damage in most cases.

        However, the most crucial way to keep your rifle scope (and the hunting rifle itself) clean and working 100% is to clean it after every use. It might take up a bit more time out of your day, but 2-3 years down the road, your optic will look almost as fresh as the day you bought it.

        How Long Do Magazine Springs Really Last?

        As a gun owner, you’ve probably assessed your firearm and examined where its reliability could be tested given a slew of survival scenarios. Undoubtedly, you’ve looked carefully at the magazine. It is after all the critical component that a magazine-fed firearm relies on to feed ammo into the chamber effectively and efficiently. Are you positive it’ll always work when you need it to? As you most likely know, a magazine contains a certain metal component which renders the entire firearm ineffective when it breaks or loses its elasticity. We are speaking of course about the spring, which is why the latest project from recently garnered our attention.

        How long can a mag spring last? Does leaving a mag loaded for an extended period of time gradually damage its spring? Does the simple act of loading a mag damage its spring in any measurable way? These are the questions Ammo To Go set out to answer by conducting a mag spring torture test (or mag spring enhanced interrogation test, if any congressional committees ask about it).

        Ammo To Go’s Mag Spring Test Process

        The team at Ammo To Go spent almost a year loading, unloading, and testing the spring functionality of 13 different mags:

        • Magpul Gen 2 PMAG (30 rds)
        • Magpul Gen 3 PMAG (30 rds)
        • Magpul Gen 3 PMAG (40 rds)
        • Amend2 AR-15 mag (30 rds)
        • Lancer AR-15 mag (30 rds)
        • USGI AR-15 mag (30 rds)
        • Smith & Wesson Shield 9mm mag (8 rds)
        • ETS Glock 17 mag (17 rds)
        • Glock 17 Factory mag (17 rds)
        • Magpul Glock 17 mag (17 rds)
        • Glock 17 Factory mag (33 rds)
        • USGI 45 ACP 1911 mag (7 rds)
        • Wilson Combat 45 ACP 1911 mag (8 rds)

        First, they used a digital force gauge to establish each mag spring’s resistance. Then they subjected samples of each mag listed above to the following test protocol over the course of year.

        1. Load to full capacity; store in climate controlled environment
        2. Load to full capacity; store in shed where temperatures regularly fluctuate to over 100 °F
        3. Do not load; store in climate controlled environment
        4. Do not load; store in the miserably hot and stuffy shed
        5. Load to half capacity; store in climate controlled environment
        6. Load and unload to full capacity five times biweekly; store in climate controlled environment
        7. Load and unload to full capacity 15 times biweekly; store in climate controlled environment
        8. Load and unload to full capacity 15 times biweekly; store in the same horrible shed

        The ATG crew regularly took the mags to the range for field testing throughout the duration of the test. Their team fired one round every two seconds, and then used the same digital force gauge to determine whether the mag springs’ resistance values changed in any significant way.

        The Mag Spring Torture Test Results

        After about ten months, hundreds of hours, thousands of rounds, and countless mosquito bites, their team determined the following: zilch.

        Allow us to elaborate using the PMAGs as an example. Regardless of how frequently they were loaded or unloaded – and regardless of their storage conditions – not a single PMAG failed. The digital force gauge revealed zero significant variability in their springs’ resistance!

        This isn’t to suggest that the PMAGs weren’t changed over the course of testing. In many cases the springs put up 20-25% less resistance than they had when the mags were fresh out of their factory packaging. Even so, all of the PMAGs performed flawlessly during field testing, and the other manufacturers’ mags followed suit.

        So, They Did Even More Testing

        The test protocol revealed that factory mags are pretty much unaffected by regular usage. But they wanted to determine precisely how much punishment a mag can tolerate before its spring starts pushing up daisies. That’s why they recruited help from the only people who are bigger nerds than us: the laboratory technicians of Applied Technical Services.

        The team gave ATS a factory 17-round G17 mag and a 30-round PMAG. They slightly modified each mag to fit correctly into their spring compressing contraption and proceeded to punish the absolute bejeezus out of the poor little springs.

        Their results were fascinating. The G17 mag spring endured 14,842 cycles (the equivalent of 252,314 rounds) before it snapped; the PMAG endured 69,881 cycles (2,096,430 rounds) before it finally gave up the ghost. To put that into context, if you were to fire a case of 223 Rem ammo every two weeks, the PMAG spring would endure for eight decades. That’s bananas!

        Infographic: PMAG Torture Test Results

        Test Limitations

        You can’t pretend that ATS’s testing perfectly emulated real world conditions. When they’re used by actual firearm enthusiasts, mags get dirty, subjected to temperature fluctuations, dropped, quickly reloaded, and otherwise mistreated. You can reasonably expect environmental damage to shorten a mag spring’s lifespan, but their tests didn’t confirm that expectation through scientific experimentation.

        Regardless, it’s safe to conclude that mag springs are outstandingly rugged. Kudos to the manufacturers for appreciating just how essential springs really are!

        Does Storing a Mag Half Loaded Extend Its Lifespan?

        Many folks believe they can protect their mag springs by “downloading” – i.e. loading their mags shy of full capacity. Their reasoning is simple enough: by avoiding full compression, the spring retains its resistance and full functionality.

        The ATG team put this theory to the test by downloading Gen 2 and Gen 3 PMAGs, as well as Amend2 AR, G17 and S&W Shield mags. After 10 months of identical use and storage conditions, they measured no significant difference in spring resistance between the downloaded mags and analogous mags that they left unloaded or fully loaded when they weren’t in use. Like we pointed out earlier, the test’s protocol doesn’t perfectly emulate real world conditions, but there’s no evidence downloading poses any actual advantage.


        At the end of the day, it’s typically wear and tear or factory defects that render mags ineffective – not gradual spring deterioration. So long as you take care to maintain your firearm, you can expect reliable performance from your mag for many decades. One less thing to worry about, we say!

        The Top 10 Places to Go for a Bugout: A Ranking of the Best Locations for Survival

        In a survival situation, it may be necessary to “bug out” and leave your home in search of a safer location. But where should you go?

        The Top 10 Places to Go for a Bugout

        Here is a ranking of the top 10 places to consider for a bugout:

        1. Wilderness: The wilderness can be a challenging but rewarding location for a bugout. It offers plenty of resources for survival, like clean water, edible plants, and game. Look for a location that is remote and not heavily populated, and be sure to have the necessary skills and equipment to survive in the wilderness.
        2. Farm or ranch: A farm or ranch can be a great location for a bugout because it offers access to food, water, and shelter. Look for a location that is self-sufficient and has a strong community of like-minded individuals.
        3. Mountain retreat: A mountain retreat can offer a sense of security and isolation that is not found in other locations. Look for a location that is remote and has access to clean water, edible plants, and game.
        4. Coastal community: A coastal community can be a good location for a bugout because it offers access to seafood and other resources. Look for a location that is self-sufficient and has a strong community.
        5. Fortified home or shelter: A fortified home or shelter can offer a sense of security and protection from outside threats. Look for a location that is well-constructed and has a strong community of like-minded individuals.
        6. Military base or facility: A military base or facility can offer a sense of security and protection from outside threats. However, access to these locations may be restricted, so it’s important to plan ahead and have a solid reason for seeking refuge there.
        7. National park: A national park can be a good location for a bugout because it offers access to clean water, edible plants, and game. Look for a location that is remote and not heavily populated.
        8. Off-grid community: An off-grid community is a group of individuals who have chosen to live independently of modern society. These communities can offer a sense of security and self-sufficiency, but they may be difficult to find and access.
        9. Religious retreat or compound: A religious retreat or compound can offer a sense of security and community. However, access to these locations may be restricted, so it’s important to plan ahead and have a solid reason for seeking refuge there.
        10. Urban survival location: An urban survival location can be a challenging but rewarding location for a bugout. Look for a location that is self-sufficient and has a strong community of like-minded individuals.
        Bugout Bunker

        By considering these top 10 locations, you can choose the best location for a bugout based on your specific needs and resources. It’s important to remember that no single location is perfect, so it’s a good idea to have a backup plan and be prepared for any eventuality.

        Farm or Ranch bugout

        Here are some viewpoints on the best bugout locations from our survival experts:

        1. The Prepper

        I’ve been preparing for a survival situation for years, and I’ve got all the skills and equipment I need to survive in the wilderness. That’s why I believe the wilderness is the best place to bug out to. With clean water sources, edible plants, and game, it’s got everything I need to thrive. And the fact that it’s remote and not heavily populated just makes it that much better.

        1. The Farmer

        I’ve got a farm, and I know firsthand how important it is to be self-sufficient. That’s why I think a farm or ranch is the best place to bug out to. With access to food, water, and shelter, you’ve got everything you need to survive. And if you’re in a community of like-minded individuals, you’ll have support when you need it most.

        1. The Mountain Man

        I’ve always felt safest in the mountains, and I think that’s where I’d go in a survival situation. A remote mountain retreat is the perfect place to bug out. With clean water, edible plants, and game, you’ve got everything you need to survive. And the sense of security and isolation you get from being in the mountains is just unmatched.

        1. The Fisherman

        I’ve always been a fan of the coast, and I think that’s where I’d go in a survival situation. With access to seafood and other resources, a coastal community is the perfect place to bug out. And if you can find a self-sufficient community with a strong sense of community, you’ll be in good hands.

        1. The Urbanite

        I’ve always been a city person, and I think an urban survival location is the best place to bug out to. Sure, it’s going to be challenging, but if you can find a self-sufficient community of like-minded individuals, you’ll be able to make it work. And who knows, you might even come out of a survival situation with a new appreciation for the city.

        Urban bugout

        Saving Lives: Learn How to Obtain Drinkable Water in an Emergency Situation

        We have all heard of the dangers of dehydration, and it is important to know how to obtain drinkable water in an emergency situation. Water is essential for survival, and having access to it during a crisis can be the difference between life and death.

        In this blog article, we will explore the sources of water during an emergency and how to make it safe to drink. We will also look at how to store water and how to clean containers for water storage.

        Introduction to Water Shortages

        Water shortages can be caused by any number of things, such as natural disasters, droughts, or contamination of water sources. In some cases, entire cities can be affected by water shortages. This can have a significant effect on the health and wellbeing of the population, as access to clean drinking water is essential for human survival.

        Water shortages can also lead to famine and disease, as clean drinking water is necessary for food production and the prevention of communicable diseases.

        The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that more than 2 billion people lack access to safe drinking water. This is a major health issue, as access to clean water is essential for human health and survival. In addition, water shortages can lead to shortages in food production, which can lead to famine and malnutrition.

        It is essential to be prepared for a water shortage in an emergency situation. Knowing how to obtain drinkable water in an emergency situation can save lives.

        Signs of Dehydration

        Dehydration occurs when the body does not have enough water. It is important to recognize the signs of dehydration so that you can take steps to obtain drinkable water in an emergency situation. Symptoms of dehydration include:

        • Dry mouth
        • Fatigue
        • Dizziness
        • Headache -Dark-colored urine -Decreased urination -Dry skin -Irritability

        If you or someone you know is experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to take steps to obtain drinkable water in an emergency situation as soon as possible.

        Sources of Water in an Emergency Situation

        In an emergency situation, it is important to know where to find sources of drinkable water. Some of the most common sources of water include:

        • Rainwater
        • Streams
        • Rivers
        • Lakes
        • Ponds
        • Wells
        • Tap water
        • Bottled water

        It is important to remember that not all of these sources of water will be safe to drink. It is essential to take steps to make the water safe before drinking it.

        How to Purify Water in an Emergency Situation

        In an emergency situation, it is essential to purify any water before drinking it to make sure that it is safe. There are several methods for purifying water, including boiling, using iodine tablets, and using filters.

        Boiling Water to Make it Safe

        Boiling is one of the most effective ways to make water safe to drink. To boil water, you need to heat it to a rolling boil for at least one minute. This will kill any harmful bacteria in the water. It is important to remember that boiling water does not remove chemicals from the water, so if there are any hazardous chemicals in the water, you should not drink it.

        Using Iodine Tablets to Purify Water

        Iodine tablets are a good option for purifying water in an emergency situation. Iodine tablets are small tablets that contain iodine, which is used to kill any harmful bacteria in the water. It is important to follow the instructions on the package carefully when using iodine tablets.

        Using Filters to Purify Water

        Using a filter is another way to purify water in an emergency situation. Filters use a physical barrier to remove contaminants from the water. Filters come in many shapes and sizes, from small portable filters to large family-sized filters. It is important to make sure that the filter you are using is effective at removing contaminants from the water.

        How to Store Water

        In an emergency situation, it is important to know how to store water so that it remains safe to drink. It is important to use clean containers for water storage. Plastic containers are the best option for storing water, as they are lightweight and easy to transport. It is also important to make sure that the containers are completely sealed and that the water is stored in a cool, dark place.

        Cleaning Containers for Water Storage

        It is important to clean containers for water storage to make sure that the water is safe to drink. To clean containers, you should first rinse them with warm water and then scrub them with a brush.

        You can also use a small amount of bleach or vinegar to disinfect the containers. It is important to make sure that the containers are completely dry before adding the water.


        In conclusion, it is essential to know how to obtain drinkable water in an emergency situation. Knowing where to find sources of water and how to make it safe to drink will save lives in an emergency situation.

        It is also important to remember to store the water in clean containers and to keep the containers sealed and in a cool, dark place. Knowing how to obtain drinkable water in an emergency situation can mean the difference between life and death.

        Now that you know how to obtain drinkable water in an emergency situation, make sure to share this information with your friends and family.

        About the Author

        My name is Robert and those that know me know that I like to research and to always be prepared the best I can for whatever life brings my way.  My website was born out of putting those two things together. I am married with 3 children, a dog, 2 hamsters, 3 fish, and a gecko.  We have many life adventures.

        Thanks for reading,


        How Has The Flashlight Changed Over Time?

        A flashlight is undoubtedly a vital device that provides a light beam to use in different situations. When you think of using a flashlight, you could find your way in the dark or search for a missing item.

        Nowadays, there are so many kinds of flashlights that choosing one could be overwhelming. 

        If you’re wondering, ‘how has the flashlight changed over time? Here is an outline of the history of flashlights.

        How Has The Flashlight Changed Over Time

        Like many modern inventions, the invention of the flashlight cannot be credited to a single person. It has evolved so much that each version has more features than its predecessor.

        Yet, several different kinds of flashlights were invented for various purposes and are still in widespread use. Here is a look at the beginning of flashlights up until now.


        In the 1890s, the founder of the company Eveready, Conrad Hubert, lit up New York City with the help of dry cell batteries and his invention – the electric flashlight. 

        It is believed to be the start of flashlight use, and Hubert acquired the patent for the first Eveready flashlight in 1898.


        The Eveready trademark started to appear at the end cap of flashlights. For durability, consistency, and affordability, companies made high-quality metal filaments for their incandescent lights. Flashlights started to become more popular than ever.


        Eveready developed their tungsten filament bulb, further improving their position in the flashlight market.


        Many kinds of flashlights emerged in various styles, including standing lanterns, cylindrical, flood lights, and pocket-sized versions. There were about 10 million flashlight users at this time.


        Eveready introduced the first flashlight, allowing the flexibility of hanging up wherever required. The company added a ring to the end of the flashlights so they could be easily accessible during an emergency.

        It made the flashlight even more popular with improved convenience and flexibility.


        William H. Byler invented black light, which uses ultraviolet rays that are invisible to the human eye. They require fluorescent-colored items to emit a bright glow visible to the human eye.

        Blacklight flashlights proved immensely helpful in finding hidden evidence at crime scenes. They were also helpful in anti-theft protection applications.


        Eveready introduced the first-ever pre-focused bulb. The pre-focused bulb and reflector were more efficient and required less power to produce the same amount of light as its predecessor.


        James R. Board and Gary Pittman invented the first light-emitting diode (LED) while they were working on developing semiconductors. In 1962, Texas Instruments started selling the first LED to IBM as a replacement for tungsten bulbs used in punch-card readers.

        However, LEDs have yet to be used in flashlights.


        This year saw the introduction of thermoplastic molded flashlights. It allowed the company ‘Energizer’ to make lights in several different sizes and shapes, making flashlights more efficient, affordable, and portable.


        This year saw the introduction of the first rechargeable flashlight. It allowed users to use a flashlight without entirely depending on batteries.


        Energizer introduced the first fluorescent lantern that proved more efficient and long-lasting than conventional filament bulbs.


        Energizer introduced the first water-resistant flashlight. It was very helpful in emergencies, especially in saving people’s lives in situations that involve water, such as floods, thunderstorms, and hurricanes.


        The first Maglight flashlight was introduced. It was a high-quality, durable flashlight and is considered the everyday premium flashlight.


        The first flashlight toy was introduced so children could have their own without playing with emergency flashlights.

        The late 1990s

        LED flashlights were introduced, which emitted a stronger light and lasted longer than their predecessors. LED lights were also more efficient than incandescent light bulbs.


        The company ‘Power Practical’ introduced a flashlight called Spark that worked as a lighter and flashlight. It acts as a flashlight or lantern and is rechargeable with a battery that can last a minimum of four hours.


        The company ‘Adaptalux’ invented a small flashlight called GLOW. It is a combined device with a lamp, lantern, and magnet features. It can turn into a night light, candle, alarm clock, or lava lamp.

        Introduction Of LED Flashlights 

        The LED was made suitable for flashlights after 40 years of its invention in 1999. LED flashlights were a significant introduction to the flashlight industry. An LED bulb is brighter and more efficient than incandescent or fluorescent lights.

        Every Watt fed into an LED emits a brightness of about 100 lumens. An incandescent bulb requires 10 Watts of power to produce the same light. It shows how efficient LED bulbs are.

        Different Types Of Flashlights

        Many different types of flashlights come in various shapes, sizes, and functionalities. Here are a few popular types of flashlights.

        • Everyday flashlights or EDC flashlights
        • Tactical flashlights
        • Rechargeable flashlights
        • Waterproof flashlights
        • Mobile flashlights
        • Headlights
        • Penlights
        • Keychain flashlights

        There are several other unique types of flashlights with some amazing features that I heard of from Outlighter’s tweets. It also provides the use of some amazing flashlights. 


        The flashlight has changed immensely over time. This change has enabled the flashlight to become more efficient and brighter and come with additional features.

        Frequently Asked Questions

        Who Made The First Flashlight?

        Conrad Hubert, the founder of the company Eveready, lit up New York City with the help of dry cell batteries and his invention – the electric flashlight, in 1989.

        What Did The First Flashlight Look Like?

        The first flashlight was hand-made from fiber tubes and crude paper. It has a bulb and a brass reflector.

        SODIS – And How to Use the Sun to Disinfect Water

        Solar water disinfection, also known as SODIS, is a simple and effective way to purify contaminated drinking water. All you need is a transparent plastic bottle and some sunlight.

        To use SODIS, fill the bottle with contaminated water and expose it to full sunlight for at least six hours. The sun’s UV-A radiation (wavelength 320-400nm) and the increased water temperature work together to kill harmful bacteria and viruses in the water. If the water temperature reaches 50°C or higher, the disinfection process is three times faster.

        Mason jars can also be used for solar water disinfection, though plastic bottles may be easier to find and lighter to carry in a survival situation.

        It’s important to note that SODIS is just one method of water purification and it’s always a good idea to have multiple methods at your disposal in case of an emergency.


        The Ultimate Guide to Long-Term Food Storage: Tips and Tricks for Preserving Your Food Supply

        Guide to storing food for a long yime

        Having a reliable supply of food is essential for survival, but how do you ensure that your food will last for the long term? In this guide, we’ll provide you with the tips and tricks you need to properly store your food for the long haul.

        First and foremost, it’s important to choose the right foods for long-term storage. Non-perishable items such as grains, dried beans, and canned goods are great choices. You should also consider purchasing a food dehydrator, which allows you to preserve fruits, vegetables, and meats for extended periods of time.

        Proper packaging is also crucial for long-term food storage. Use airtight containers to prevent contamination and extend the shelf life of your food. Vacuum-sealing is another effective way to remove excess air and prevent spoilage.

        When it comes to storing your food, location is key. Choose a cool, dry place with stable temperatures to prevent the growth of mold and bacteria. A basement or cellar is a great option, as is a pantry or storage room with ample shelving.

        In addition to these tips, it’s also important to rotate your food supply on a regular basis. This ensures that you are using the oldest items first and prevents waste.

        By following these guidelines, you can ensure that your food supply will last for the long term and provide you with the sustenance you need in any situation.