Emergency Preparedness: Hazard-Specific Actions, Notification Systems, and Evacuation Planning – Plan for Your Risks (Updated 2023)

Be prepared for disaster by heeding official warnings

In a world filled with various hazards, it is crucial to be prepared for emergencies before, during, and after an event. Each hazard requires unique actions and planning, specific to the potential risks in your area. By identifying the hazards that have occurred or could occur in your locality, you can create a comprehensive disaster plan. Local emergency management offices are valuable resources that can help you identify hazards and provide recommendations tailored to your community. This article explores hazard-specific actions, notification systems, evacuation planning, and essential information about different types of hazards.

Identifying Hazards and Planning Unique Actions:

To effectively prepare for emergencies, it is important to identify the specific hazards present in your area. Local emergency management offices can assist you in determining the potential risks and provide comprehensive information about each hazard. By understanding the unique actions required for each hazard, you can take proactive measures to mitigate risks. Sharing hazard-specific information with family members and including pertinent materials in your family disaster plan ensures that everyone is well-prepared and informed.

Notification Systems: Staying Informed:

Staying informed during emergencies is crucial for timely response and ensuring personal safety. Contact your local government emergency management office to inquire about the notification methods used for different types of disasters, whether natural or man-made. Additionally, ask about the alert and warning systems in workplaces, schools, and other community locations. Alert methods may vary from one community to another, with common options including emergency radio and TV broadcasts, special sirens, telephone calls, or door-to-door visits by volunteers and emergency workers. Understanding the notification systems empowers you to respond effectively in emergency situations.

Evacuation and Sheltering In Place:

When faced with an emergency, one of the primary decisions to make is whether to stay in your current location or evacuate. Understanding the nature of the emergency and assessing your circumstances are crucial in making this decision. It is essential to plan for both possibilities: staying in place and evacuating. Learn about evacuation routes, nearby shelters, and the appropriate actions to take in different scenarios. Evacuation plans should be flexible and adaptable, taking into account various hazards and their specific requirements. Additionally, familiarize yourself with sheltering in place protocols for situations where it is safer to stay where you are.

Exploring Hazard Types:

To comprehensively prepare for emergencies, it is essential to familiarize yourself with different hazard types. Natural disasters, such as hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, and wildfires, require specific preparedness measures. Additionally, technological and accidental hazards, including chemical spills, industrial accidents, and transportation incidents, demand unique actions. Moreover, understanding the potential risks posed by terrorist hazards and knowing how to respond appropriately is crucial. By gaining knowledge about these hazard types, you can better prepare yourself, your family, and your community for emergencies.

better prepare yourself, your family, and your community for emergencies.


Emergency preparedness is vital in safeguarding lives and minimizing the impact of disasters. By identifying hazard-specific actions, understanding notification systems, and planning for both evacuation and sheltering in place, you can effectively respond to emergencies. Local emergency management offices are valuable resources that can provide essential information tailored to your area. Additionally, educating yourself about different hazard types ensures a comprehensive approach to emergency preparedness. Stay informed, create a family disaster plan, and be proactive in your efforts to protect yourself and your loved ones during times of crisis.


Food Apocalypse? How to Survive If Grocery Stores Run Out of Food

In a world where we rely heavily on grocery stores for our daily needs, the thought of them running out of food can be a scary one. While it’s unlikely to happen on a large scale, it’s important to know what steps we can take to survive if it does.

running out of food can be a scary

The first thing to consider is the reason for the shortage. Is it a temporary issue such as a supply chain disruption, or a long-term problem such as a natural disaster or economic collapse? Understanding the cause will help determine the best course of action.

In the event of a temporary shortage, it’s important to not panic and rush to hoard food. This will only exacerbate the problem and leave others without the resources they need. Instead, focus on purchasing what you need for the immediate future and consider alternative food sources such as local farmers’ markets or community gardens.

community gardens

In a long-term shortage, it’s important to be prepared with a stockpile of non-perishable foods such as canned goods, dried fruits and vegetables, and grains. It’s also wise to learn how to preserve food through techniques such as canning, drying, and pickling.

Another important aspect of surviving a food shortage is knowing how to grow your own food. This can be done on a small scale through container gardening or on a larger scale through traditional gardening methods. Learning basic gardening skills and having access to seeds and gardening tools can make a big difference in a food shortage scenario.

sharing resources

Finally, it’s important to remember that community support can be invaluable in times of need. Consider joining or forming a community food co-op or sharing resources with neighbors and friends.

In conclusion, while the idea of grocery stores running out of food can be daunting, there are steps we can take to prepare and survive. By being informed, resourceful, and community-minded, we can weather any storm.

Prepping for Beginners: How to Start Prepping in 90 Days

Are you new to prepping and feeling overwhelmed by the thought of getting started? Prepping doesn’t have to be an all-or-nothing endeavor. With a 90-day plan, you can gradually build your emergency preparedness supplies and knowledge, without breaking the bank or feeling too overwhelmed.

build your emergency preparedness supplies and knowledge

Here’s a simple guide on how to start prepping in 90 days:

Week 1-4: Start with the basics

  • Create a list of emergency supplies you need for survival, such as food, water, shelter, and first-aid supplies.
  • Stock up on a 3-day supply of non-perishable food and water for each person in your household.
  • Invest in a reliable emergency radio and a first-aid kit.

Week 5-8: Expand your supplies

  • Increase your food and water supplies to a 2-week supply.
  • Purchase a good quality tent or shelter for your family.
  • Invest in a good quality water filtration system.

Week 9-12: Enhance your prepping skills

  • Learn basic survival skills like starting a fire, building a shelter, and purifying water.
  • Join a local prepper group or online community to learn from other experienced preppers.
  • Practice using your emergency supplies, so you know how to use them when it really counts.

By following this 90-day prepping plan, you’ll have the essential supplies and knowledge to better protect yourself and your loved ones in case of an emergency. Remember, prepping is a journey, not a destination, so keep learning and building your supplies over time.

Don’t worry, you can become prepared for anything in just 90 days!

protect yourself and your loved ones in case of an emergency

Here’s some more tips to help you start prepping in 90 days:

Week 1-2: Research and Planning

Make a plan: Before you begin prepping, it’s important to have a plan in place. Determine the types of emergencies you may face in your area and create a plan for each scenario.

  • Research potential disasters and emergencies in your area
  • Identify your family’s specific needs and vulnerabilities
  • Create a budget and a prepping checklist

Week 3-4: Emergency Food and Water

Gather emergency supplies: Start with the basics such as a first aid kit, flashlights, and batteries. Then gradually add to your supplies over time, including survival food, water storage, and shelter options.

  • Stock up on non-perishable food items
  • Store water for emergencies

Week 5-6: First Aid Kit and Emergency Supplies

Build a bug out bag: A bug out bag is a portable kit that contains essential items to help you survive for 72 hours. Make sure your bug out bag includes basic supplies such as food, water, shelter, and clothing.

Gather emergency supplies: Start with the basics such as a first aid kit, flashlights, and batteries. Then gradually add to your supplies over time, including survival food, water storage, and shelter options.

  • Assemble a comprehensive first aid kit
  • Purchase and organize emergency supplies like flashlights, batteries, and communication devices

Week 7-8: Personal Protection and Security

  • Purchase self-defense tools
  • Evaluate home security measures

Week 9-10: Shelter and Hygiene

  • Stock up on hygiene essentials like soap and hand sanitizer
  • Plan for alternative shelter options if necessary

Week 11-12: Practice and Review

Learn survival skills: Knowing how to start a fire, filter water, and navigate without a GPS can be crucial in a disaster scenario. Take classes or watch online tutorials to learn these essential survival skills.

  • Practice emergency drills with your family
  • Review and update your prepping plan and checklist
you can become better prepared for whatever emergencies may come your way

By following these steps, you can start prepping in just 90 days. Remember, prepping is a process, and it’s important to take things one step at a time. Start small and gradually build up your supplies and skills over time. With dedication and persistence, you can become better prepared for whatever emergencies may come your way.


Zapped! Surviving an EMP Attack: Essential Tips to Protect Yourself

An EMP attack can wipe out our power grid, communication systems, and technological infrastructure, plunging us into a catastrophic situation.

How to Survive an EMP Attack: Essential Tips to Protect Yourself

Be Prepared for the Worst

Don’t wait for a disaster to happen, be proactive and prepare yourself and your family for an EMP attack. Create an emergency kit with essential supplies, such as non-perishable food, water, medicine, and first aid supplies. Keep a backup generator, solar charger, or alternative sources of power for your electronics.

Secure Your Home

Your home is your castle, and protecting it is crucial in a post-EMP world. Secure your home with sturdy locks, window bars, and reinforced doors. Keep a supply of self-defense items, Guns, Knives, Ammo, etc. Install security cameras and motion sensors to detect any intruders.

Learn essential survival skills, such as first aid, hunting, fishing, and self-defense

Learn Survival Skills

In a world without technology, survival skills are essential for your survival. Follow websites like YearZeroSurvival.com and learn the skills to survive. Learn essential survival skills, such as first aid, hunting, fishing, and self-defense. Practice fire-making, shelter building, and water purification techniques.

Stay Informed

Knowledge is power, and staying informed is crucial in a disaster situation. Stay updated on the latest news and developments regarding EMP attacks. Follow credible sources and experts on survival and emergency preparedness.

surviving an EMP attack requires preparation, vigilance, and a resilient mindset

In conclusion, surviving an EMP attack requires preparation, vigilance, and a resilient mindset. By following these essential tips, you can increase your chances of surviving and thriving in a post-EMP world. 

Some Additional Resources:

  1. https://www.ready.gov (Official website of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security)
  2. https://www.fema.gov (FEMA – The Federal Emergency Management Agency’s official page on EMP)
  3. Infographic: Tips to Survive an EMP

Bugging Out in Style: Tips for Surviving in Comfort

In today’s uncertain times, emergencies can strike anytime, anywhere. From natural disasters to civil unrest, it’s important to be prepared for any eventuality. One of the key components of emergency preparedness is bugging out – leaving your home and heading to a safer location. But just because you’re bugging out doesn’t mean you have to sacrifice style. Here are some tips on how to bug out in style while staying safe.

tips on how to bug out in style while staying safe

Pack a Bug Out Bag with the Essentials

One of the most important things you can do to prepare for an emergency is to have a bug out bag packed and ready to go. This bag should contain all the essentials you need to survive for at least 72 hours, including food, water, shelter, and medical supplies. However, that doesn’t mean you have to sacrifice style. Look for sleek and stylish backpacks that will complement your outfit and make you feel good while carrying it. There are plenty of stylish and practical backpacks that will hold all your essentials without sacrificing fashion.

Invest in High-Quality Survival Gear

Another key component of bugging out in style is having high-quality survival gear. From durable tents to portable stoves, having the right gear can make all the difference in an emergency situation. However, that doesn’t mean you have to settle for bland and utilitarian gear. Look for survival gear that is not only practical but also stylish. For example, there are now tents that are designed to look like high-end camping gear, with sleek lines and modern designs. You can also find portable stoves that are both functional and stylish, with sleek and minimalist designs that won’t detract from your overall look.

key component of bugging out in style is having high-quality survival gear

Consider Self-Defense Options

When bugging out, you want to make sure you’re safe from potential threats. That’s why it’s important to consider self-defense options. Whether it’s pepper spray, a stun gun, or a concealed carry firearm, having a means of self-defense can give you peace of mind and keep you safe in an emergency situation. However, it’s important to make sure you’re trained in how to properly use these tools and that you follow all laws and regulations regarding their use.

Dress for the Occasion

When bugging out, you want to be prepared for any type of weather and terrain. That’s why it’s important to dress for the occasion. Look for clothing that is both functional and fashionable, such as moisture-wicking shirts, waterproof jackets, and durable pants. You can also find clothing that is designed to be lightweight and packable, making it easy to carry in your bug out bag. Remember, your clothing should not only be practical but also reflect your personal style.

Stay Informed and Alert

Finally, one of the most important things you can do to stay safe while bugging out is to stay informed and alert. Keep up-to-date on the latest news and developments in your area, and be aware of any potential dangers or threats. Pay attention to your surroundings and be on the lookout for any suspicious activity. Remember, staying aware and alert can help you avoid dangerous situations and stay safe in an emergency.

stay safe and stylish in any emergency situation

In conclusion, bugging out in style is not only possible, but it’s also important. By following these tips and investing in the right gear, you can stay safe and look good while bugging out. Remember, emergency preparedness is not something to take lightly, and it’s important to be prepared for any eventuality. By staying informed, staying alert, and being prepared, you can stay safe and stylish in any emergency situation.


The Last of Us: A Survival Guide – 8 Prepping Tactics Inspired by the Game and Now Hit TV Series

The Last of Us is a post-apocalyptic action-adventure video game that has captured the hearts of millions of players worldwide. The game’s storyline revolves around the main character Joel, a smuggler tasked with escorting a young girl named Ellie across a United States devastated by a fungal pandemic. Along the way, players must navigate through hostile environments and face off against infected creatures and hostile survivors in a world where resources are scarce and survival is a constant battle. The game’s themes of survival and preparedness make it a prime source of inspiration for those interested in prepping tactics.

The Last of Us: A Survival Guide - 8 Prepping Tactics Inspired by the Game and Now a New TV Series

Here are 8 prepping tactics inspired by the game The Last of Us and TV Show:

  1. Stockpile Essential Supplies: In The Last of Us, Joel and Ellie must gather resources such as ammunition, medicine, food, and supplies to survive. This is a crucial aspect of prepping, as having a stockpile of essential supplies can mean the difference between life and death in an emergency.
  2. Stay Mobile: The game emphasizes the importance of being able to move quickly and efficiently. Whether it’s escaping danger, navigating difficult terrain, or finding shelter, mobility is key in The Last of Us. The same is true for prepping, as having the ability to move quickly in the face of danger can greatly increase your chances of survival.
  3. Maintain Your Weapons: In the game, players must keep their weapons in good working order to effectively defend themselves. Maintaining weapons is also an important aspect of prepping, as having access to functional weapons can be critical in a survival situation.
  4. Seek Out Safe Havens: The Last of Us is full of dangerous environments, making it essential to find safe places to rest and recuperate. Preppers should also consider seeking out safe havens, whether it’s a fortified home or a remote wilderness location, in case of an emergency.
  5. Be Resourceful: In the game, players must be creative in their use of resources to survive. This is a key aspect of prepping, as being resourceful and finding new and innovative ways to use resources can help you make the most of what you have in a survival situation.
  6. Stay Alert: In The Last of Us, danger can come from anywhere and at any time, making it essential to stay alert and on guard at all times. This is also true for preppers, as being alert and aware of your surroundings can help you stay ahead of potential threats.
  7. Build Strong Relationships: The relationship between Joel and Ellie is a central theme in The Last of Us, highlighting the importance of having strong relationships in a survival situation. Preppers should also seek to build strong relationships with friends, family, and community members, as having a network of support can greatly increase your chances of survival.
  8. Stay Adaptable: The world of The Last of Us is constantly changing and full of surprises, making it essential for players to stay adaptable and open to new challenges. Preppers should also strive to stay adaptable and be ready to adjust their plans as circumstances change.
The Last of Us is a powerful example of survival and prepping tactics

In conclusion, The Last of Us is a powerful example of survival and prepping tactics, and its themes of resourcefulness, mobility, and relationships can serve as inspiration for anyone looking to prepare for the future. Whether you’re a fan of the game or simply interested in survival strategies, incorporating these tactics into your prepping plan can help ensure your readiness for whatever comes your way.


5 Essential Items to Take Hunting

The first item that comes to mind for a hunting expedition is a riffle and a hunting vest, but what about all of the other needed essentials? It’s key to remember that you might be trekking out into the wilderness, and you might find yourself being there longer than expected. So, use this guide to remember the 5 important items that many hunters seem to forget.

Essential Hunting Items

1. Hunting Binoculars

One of the most often forgotten items is your hunting binoculars.

The most obvious reason is that without a pair of good quality binoculars, you might miss some animal at a distance. Forgetting your binoculars means that you may come back with less to show for, making for a less enjoyable hunting trip.

But, more importantly, you can use binoculars for navigation, to discern your path and spot sources of water, roads, and civilization at a distance.

Other Benefits to Bringing Binoculars

• Be able to decipher an animal from a rock or foliage (Also, so you know you aren’t shooting at a human!).

• See your terrain more clearly to prevent injuries or see signs of animals that the naked eye would not be able to see.

• Allows you to spot predators or wildlife you’d rather avoid.

Important Features on My Binoculars?

You don’t want binoculars that magnify too far or too near. It’s important to get the right set that matches the terrain you will be hunting in. Generally, in wooded terrain you’ll want something with less magnification, such as 8x and in open terrain you can go as high as 12x. You can go higher, but you’ll end up needing a stand or tripod.

2. Cold Weather Gear?

Staying warm while you are out hunting is crucial for any tracking expedition. Even if you have double checked the weather forecast. It is always safe to stay prepared for unexpected cold fronts. You should keep some cold weather gear in your daypack and take it with you, just in case.

If you get disoriented or injured, you might find yourself spending the night in the woods. It doesn’t matter if it’s the middle of the summer or not, it will feel cold when compared to the daytime highs. Also, you can get hypothermia even if it’s as warm as 70 degrees if you are wet and not clothed properly.

Which Cold Weather Gear Should I Bring?

You’ll want properly fitted boots so as not to reduce blood flow to your toes along with spare socks. You’ll also want:

• Clothing articles that are not made out of cotton as this material absorbs moisture and doesn’t insulate when wet.

• Keep your head warm with a hat or beanie while protecting your face with a face mask.

• Bring gloves that are not made out of cotton.

• Have spare, loosely fitting layers available to add or take away as temperatures change.

• Hand warmers that you can keep in your pockets.

• A Winter coat, one of the most important items to help keep warm. See this guide on the best winter coats for extreme cold.

3. Water Purifier

The fact is you can only carry so much water. If you are unexpectedly stuck in the wilderness for more than a day, you’ll need to find a water source. Since unpurified water can leave you sick, weak, and unable to walk your way out, you need to clean all contaminants from water.

The most obvious way to do this is by boiling your water. But, starting a fire is not always practical and in many places there may be a high danger of fire. So, the best option is to bring a water purifier.

What Can I Use a Water Purifier On?

With a water purifier at your disposal, you can obtain water from the environment around you. This includes water from a creek or any other wild body of water.

Various Types?

There are different types of water purifiers that you can purchase for your next trip. Each type will have pros and cons and you should weigh what you need vs their price and other features.

Here are a few types:

• Water filtration pump

• Squeeze or gravity flow system filters

• Tablets or drops

• Lifestraw

• Lightweight backcountry stove

4. A Compass

Although we tend to use GPS to get around these days, it still is important to carry another location device such as a compass. Hunters are frequently out in the middle of nowhere to find the best prey, putting themselves in risk of either their phone losing service, getting destroyed, or running out of battery.

There are a variety of compasses based on how you plan to use them and the difficulty of the terrain you will be in.

5. A Topographical Map

A topographical map is a detailed and accurate representation of two-dimensional features on the Earth’s surface that are natural and human-made. It will allow you to know the features of the surround area without being able to actually see them.

Why Bring it?

According to Real Tree, topographical maps are an essential when hunting out in an area that is less familiar. You can even use these maps to locate deer travel corridors.

More importantly, even if you get completely lost or disoriented, you can figure out where you are and navigate back to safety. There are plenty of stories of people who have got lost and died less than a mile from well worn trails, you don’t want to be one of them. So, bring a compass and a map.

How Can I Read One?

Topographical maps can be confusing to read without the proper training. You’ll want to spend some time learning the major and minor terrain features, how to convert from grid to magnetic north, and how to determine your exact location in a variety of ways.

What Else Do I Need?

Hunting expeditions lead one far away from civilization, making it a priority to pack properly. While there are probably 100 different things you might want to take, you have to balance between necessity and your ability to carry it.

Regardless of what you do or do not bring, make sure you have these 5 items.

The Top 3 Ways To Protect Your Loved Ones From Harm

Protecting your loved ones

Danger can happen to anyone any day which is why it’s important to always be careful whenever we transact with other people and even go out of the safety of our home. We can’t control how people outside the home act, but we can, in our own ways do something to prevent harm from happening. Now that the world is becoming a more and more dangerous place, families put premium in ensuring their safety and protection by any means necessary. So many dreadful things can happen, not just physically, that threatens our quality of life. How do you protect you and your loved ones from a violent attack? A terrorist attack? Or maybe even a cyber-attack? This article will explore 3 ways you can do to protect your loved ones from harm, read on:


  1. Equip them

Today, there are a lot of non-lethal and legal self-defense weapons that can be easily concealed. Try looking for the best stun gun to suit your needs. Owning a mini taser or a stun gun is a great way to protect yourself without resorting to using lethal methods. Unlike using a gun, which can potentially cause permanent harm and even kill, stun guns won’t cause any serious harm to your assailant. Also, you don’t need to have perfect aim when using a stun gun, you can put your attacker to a halt just by tazing a part of their skin.

Another small and useful self-defense item is a pepper spray. It’s a handy thing to have especially for women and elderly living in a rough neighborhood. Pepper spray works by instantly inflaming the mucous membranes of the attacker’s eyes and nose, causing them to close their eyes and wince in pain at the sudden onslaught and the pungent smell. This immediate incapacitation allows you to run to safety and seek cover.

One last recommendation in the small and stealthy category that doesn’t require mad martial arts skills is a self-defense keychain, or a personal alarm. It’s small and can be carried anywhere. And in times of danger you can press it to let out a shrieking 130 decibels sound that will surely gather attention and turn your assailants around.


  1. Educate them

Aside from equipping your loved ones with all these small and fancy self-defense tools, it’s also important to educate them about violence, its prevalence, and how to react to them. It’s not enough than they can protect themselves, they must also know what to do next should any unfortunate thing happen their way.

Violent attacks can be traumatic for a lot of people, even if they’ve escaped it. Knowing how to deal with such incidents will help them cope better and live well. Surviving an assault, a robbery, or a mugging immediately causes shock to the victim. They can feel dazed and even detached from the environment for a while, some even experience denial. There’s a mix of feelings victims feel after the event, depends on how they react they can feel frightened, angry, and helpless. Yet some feel sad, ashamed, and guilty.

Keeping them safe

  1. Encourage them

It’s one thing to know how to protect yourself and it’s another to know how to react to attacks. But it’s also another to encourage awareness that as much as violence should be prevented, attacks are prevalent and you should be able to protect yourself. Encourage your loved ones to report any instance of violence they encounter, whether or not they’re directly involved. Cases of domestic violence, bullying, and sexual assaults should not be tolerated and should be handled by authorities.