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Saving Lives: Learn How to Obtain Drinkable Water in an Emergency Situation
We have all heard of the dangers of dehydration, and it is important to know how to obtain drinkable water in an emergency situation. Water is essential for survival, and having access to it during a crisis can be the difference between life and death.
In this blog article, we will explore the sources of water during an emergency and how to make it safe to drink. We will also look at how to store water and how to clean containers for water storage.
Introduction to Water Shortages
Water shortages can be caused by any number of things, such as natural disasters, droughts, or contamination of water sources. In some cases, entire cities can be affected by water shortages. This can have a significant effect on the health and wellbeing of the population, as access to clean drinking water is essential for human survival.
Water shortages can also lead to famine and disease, as clean drinking water is necessary for food production and the prevention of communicable diseases.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that more than 2 billion people lack access to safe drinking water. This is a major health issue, as access to clean water is essential for human health and survival. In addition, water shortages can lead to shortages in food production, which can lead to famine and malnutrition.
It is essential to be prepared for a water shortage in an emergency situation. Knowing how to obtain drinkable water in an emergency situation can save lives.
Signs of Dehydration
Dehydration occurs when the body does not have enough water. It is important to recognize the signs of dehydration so that you can take steps to obtain drinkable water in an emergency situation. Symptoms of dehydration include:
Boiling is one of the most effective ways to make water safe to drink. To boil water, you need to heat it to a rolling boil for at least one minute. This will kill any harmful bacteria in the water. It is important to remember that boiling water does not remove chemicals from the water, so if there are any hazardous chemicals in the water, you should not drink it.
Using Iodine Tablets to Purify Water
Iodine tablets are a good option for purifying water in an emergency situation. Iodine tablets are small tablets that contain iodine, which is used to kill any harmful bacteria in the water. It is important to follow the instructions on the package carefully when using iodine tablets.
Using Filters to Purify Water
Using a filter is another way to purify water in an emergency situation. Filters use a physical barrier to remove contaminants from the water. Filters come in many shapes and sizes, from small portable filters to large family-sized filters. It is important to make sure that the filter you are using is effective at removing contaminants from the water.
How to Store Water
In an emergency situation, it is important to know how to store water so that it remains safe to drink. It is important to use clean containers for water storage. Plastic containers are the best option for storing water, as they are lightweight and easy to transport. It is also important to make sure that the containers are completely sealed and that the water is stored in a cool, dark place.
Cleaning Containers for Water Storage
It is important to clean containers for water storage to make sure that the water is safe to drink. To clean containers, you should first rinse them with warm water and then scrub them with a brush.
You can also use a small amount of bleach or vinegar to disinfect the containers. It is important to make sure that the containers are completely dry before adding the water.
In conclusion, it is essential to know how to obtain drinkable water in an emergency situation. Knowing where to find sources of water and how to make it safe to drink will save lives in an emergency situation.
It is also important to remember to store the water in clean containers and to keep the containers sealed and in a cool, dark place. Knowing how to obtain drinkable water in an emergency situation can mean the difference between life and death.
Now that you know how to obtain drinkable water in an emergency situation, make sure to share this information with your friends and family.
About the Author
My name is Robert and those that know me know that I like to research and to always be prepared the best I can for whatever life brings my way. My website was born out of putting those two things together. I am married with 3 children, a dog, 2 hamsters, 3 fish, and a gecko. We have many life adventures.
Solar water disinfection, also known as SODIS, is a simple and effective way to purify contaminated drinking water. All you need is a transparent plastic bottle and some sunlight.
To use SODIS, fill the bottle with contaminated water and expose it to full sunlight for at least six hours. The sun’s UV-A radiation (wavelength 320-400nm) and the increased water temperature work together to kill harmful bacteria and viruses in the water. If the water temperature reaches 50°C or higher, the disinfection process is three times faster.
Mason jars can also be used for solar water disinfection, though plastic bottles may be easier to find and lighter to carry in a survival situation.
It’s important to note that SODIS is just one method of water purification and it’s always a good idea to have multiple methods at your disposal in case of an emergency.
Survival Quote Series
Throughout the year we will be posting some of our favorite Survival Quotes, we hope you enjoy and SHARE them.
Lost In The Wild: Survival Skills That You Can Always Depend On
A close friend who was reported missing for several days made it back and recounted his ordeals in the Amazon. Surely, he would not have returned alive if he hadn’t some survival skills. Not many people hope to be lost in the wild. People may lose their way for many reasons such as hunting or hiking in unfamiliar locations, after some mishap of shipwreck or air crash, or even a war situation. Sometimes, one could even decide to get lost in the wild just to test his ability to survive!
You owe your survival in the wild to two major factors: Luck and your survival skills. If you do not want to gamble with your life, then you should acquire some basic skills in preparation for any sticky situation. Below are ten survival skills that should get you going:
Skill #1: Constructing a Shelter
shelter helps you in several ways. It shields you from the harshness associated
with the wilderness. Life is easily taken out by hypothermia than starvation or dehydration. You can build your
shelter by leaning logs of woods against the main structure and then pile
debris from the ground and leaves on top of it. You generally need some tools
when building a shed. Ensure that the ground of the shelter is dry (probably
spread with dry leaves). Your shelter should be designed in such a manner that
it protects you from the cold ground, open-air and wind.
Skill #2: How to Find a Source of Water
Once you are in
the wild, the first thing you should do is to find water. Bodies of water are
always located in earth depressions or valley between mountains. The reason is
that water flows downhill. Let your compass be your guide as you wander away
from your base where you have always constructed a temporary shelter.
Where water is
not located, you then have to dig up the earth in the valley a foot deep or more
and place lined leaves or a piece of clothing inside it to filter the water as
it gradually fills the small pit.
Skill # 3: How to Search for Food
In terms of surviving while lost in the wild, one has to source for food to replenish the out-burning calories in the body. Although human beings can stay for weeks without food, there is still the need to eat to get refreshed with needed energy.
Think of food
that you could easily find in the wild. However, if you had found a large body
of water, using your fishing hook to get fresh fishes for protein readily comes
to mind. Besides this, you can make some animal traps in the forest. Other tips
to finding food include tracing of trees that have edible inner bark. The wild
is filled with such trees. Your knowledge of some local nut trees makes it
easier for you to find them in the wild.
Skill #4: Igniting a Fire
Your ability to
make fires while in the wild is essential. Fire would give you warmth. When you
are wet or in a chilling cold night, five to ten minutes of warmth from the
fire can save you from possible death caused by hypothermia. Striking one stone
against the other over dried and rusty leaves severally in quick succession
will spark off the fire. It is more advisable to acquire the easier method of
making fire, which is through the bow drill skill. As soon as a fire is made,
keep it burning throughout the night and the days that follow. Fire will help
you make food, keep you warm, and scare away predators.
Skill #5: Sending Smoke Signals
stories of ancient Red Indians, who were skilled in sending messages across
miles with sending clouds of smoke into the atmosphere? You do not have to be like the Red Indians
anyway. All you need to do is to choke your fire with dried leaves to send up
cloudy smoke into the atmosphere during the day. This will enable possible
rescuers to spot your location in the wilderness easily.
Allow the upward
flow of smoke to rise consistently into the air when you are trying to attract
attention and help. This smoking skill is normally done in broad daylight upon
Skill #6: Water Discipline
There might be a
scarcity of water, especially if you find yourself in desert prone areas. All
you need to do is to maintain a high degree of water discipline, which means
drinking one or two mouthfuls of water and carrying it for a very long time
before taking another gulp of water.
Surviving in the
wild requires taking drastic measures as well. Perhaps, you may have no option
than to drink your urine in places where there is an absolute lack of water.
Skill #7: Self-Disguising
An enemy might be
lurking around the forest. You need to disguise yourself by hanging on some green
leave around your body. As you move around the greenish bush on green leaves,
you will be hardly noticed. You may need to rub your face and hands with either
mud or charcoal.
Skill #8: Herbal Knowledge
and use of medicinal herbs is yet another skill you need to acquire. Knowing
where to source for these herbs in the wild will help you boost your immune
system against fever and infections.
Skill #9: Follow Water
Life largely depends on water. So if you ever find where there a
stream or river, follow its flow. Chances are that you are likely going to meet
a settlement of people who depend on the river for their survival.
Skill #10: Maps and Compass Reading
Reading of maps with a compass will be very helpful while
navigating your way in the wild. This tool never disappoints, as it continues
to work under any sort of weather condition. Even where you do not know how to
read a map or use the compass, you just have to follow the tip pointing to the
North Pole to get to your destination. Sometimes, you may climb a high ground
to see where you are heading.
The Eleventh Skill – The Survival Tools/Weapons: You will require a tool or more to complete each of the above mentioned tasks. Most importantly, you need some sort of weapon to defend yourself when the need arises. Since you cannot carry a big box of tools and weapons around, I’d recommend you always carry a portable survival knife with you. Knifing skills should be the first anyone should acquire in preparation for survival in any environment. Quality is a very important factor to consider when choosing a multipurpose knife. Only the best survival knife can be used to cut sticks and thick tree barks, catch fishes, dig holes, tear meat, fight off predators and help you through any sticky situation. I have a personal resolve to always carry a good pocket knife along with me.
you’re better off not getting lost at all. But should you miss your way in the
wild at any time, with these basic skills, you stand a chance of returning
alive with an interesting survival story.
5 Legal Self Defense Weapons You Should Consider Buying
Whether you are at home or traveling, safety matters the
most. After all, you would not want to be attacked or threatened at any time.
The best way to deal with the risks is by having a self-defense strategy in
place. While you can learn some physical tactics, carrying a weapon or two can
make you feel safer and more confident anywhere. But you would want to carry
only the ones that are legally permissible because anything that is not can get
you into trouble with the authorities. Here is a list of legal defense weapons
you should consider buying for being safe everywhere and at all times.
Perhaps the best weapon that you can carry for being safe while you commute and travel is pepper spray. It is lightweight and easy to carry as you can just slip it into your bag or pocket. Moreover, pepper spray is easy to take out and use when you are in potential danger. There is a good choice available if you want to pick the level of potency, though even the lightest one can be highly effective.
A tactical knife is small in size yet effective and easy to
use when it comes to defending yourself from an attacker. You can choose a flip
open variant or one that can be carried in a holder on your side. Flip open
knives are easy to conceal while the side-holder ones are easier to access when
you are in danger. Tactical knives, though, are not legal everywhere.
Stun guns are effective self-defense weapons that enable you to shock the attacker. Since these are non-lethal, you need not fear legal restrictions in most of the places. While even a basic one would give you good protection, look for an advanced product like TASER X2 if you want to be extra sure. These guns are widely used by law enforcement professionals through even civilians can use it.
A smart self-defense weapon that you can carry everywhere is
a tactical pen. It looks like a pen but is capable of doing much more. The
impact edges are designed to dissuade attackers while it has LED lights as
well. Moreover, the tip of a tactical pen can cut glass and help you to escape
if you are abducted.
Not exactly a weapon, a personal alarm is still something that can keep you safe in adverse situations. A whistle is the best example of a traditional personal alarm. However, there are high-tech ones that you can use to send across an alert to the authorities when you are attacked. Some alarms are even equipped to share your location so that you can get help on the spot. Look for a small and easily accessible one that you can reach when you need it the most.
Since these weapons are non-lethal, you will not get into
legal problems by using them. Still, carrying them makes you feel confident as
you can use them for being safe all the time.
Tips to Choosing the Ideal Tent for Survival Off Grid
You can’t go to a camp site without a tent. This is because you will not have somewhere to lay your head at night or when you just want to rest during the day. With a quality net, you can be sure that you will be protected from the bad elements of weather. Besides that, you will enjoy being able to do certain things in privacy, such as changing into fresh clothes and grooming. However, buying a new tent can be a daunting task, especially when you don’t know what to look for. As a matter of fact, tents come in various shapes and sizes. Selecting the right tent will go a long way towards improving your experience at the campsite. Here is a list of things you should consider when shopping for a tent.
1. Size Matters
Your choice of a tent should be guided by the number of people that it can accommodate. In fact, every tent describes the number of people that can comfortably stay in it. If it’s just you and your spouse, a tent with a capacity of 4 people is highly recommended. This is because you will use the space that’s left to keep your stuff. If you have a bigger family, it’s recommended you narrow down to a king size tent. This helps in ensuring that the occupants are able to move inside without being clumsy. It’s also important you consider the height of the tent, especially if you want to be able to stand inside. A tent with a cubicle design is ideal for such purposes.
2. Easy to Set Up
As an amateur camper, you might get carried away by the looks of various tents. Some tents look very appealing when they are already set up. What the sales people will not tell you is that you can’t set up such tents on your own. In fact, some tents can only be pitched by professionals. Going to a camp with such a tent is a recipe for disaster. This is because you will not be able to set it up fast when you arrive late at the camp or it starts raining. By the rule of thumb, you should select a tent that pops up instantly.
3. Proper Weather Protection
Sleeping under canvas is fun as long as the tent doesn’t allow bad weather to penetrate to the inside. An ideal tent is one that’s designed to prevent water from penetrating through. Tents made from canvas are usually the best because they are breathable, meaning they allow fresh air to circulate inside while repelling water. Such tents help in maintaining dryness in the inside by encouraging evaporation. Since they are also breathable, they prevent heat from building up. You should also select a tent that’s insulated on the edges to keep cold weather at bay during winter.
The price of tent is not constant across various stores. You should actually keep looking until you find a tent that you can afford to pay for. At the end of the day, you will only get what you pay for. This means that a bigger tent and more features will obviously cost more than a smaller tent. Besides that, tents made from canvas cost a premium price due to their durability. On the other hand, those that are made from nylon material tend to be cheaper. The downside is that they need to be replaced every now and then.
Tips on Food Storage for an Emergency
It is vital to store food for the emergency purpose such as
earthquakes, fires, hurricanes, floods, etc.
SHTF Essentials – A Comprehensive Bug Out Bag List
A bug out bag is basically pack of survival items that you can easily carry around with, especially with the aim of reaching your bug out location. The bug out backpack has to be resilient and comfortable enough for you to carry around, at least for 72 hours. The main reason of having a bug out bag is so that you can easily evacuate if there’s a need.
To have the ‘BEST’ bug out bag, you need to have an awesome
bag, and the bug out bag contents has to be planned as well. This would mean
you need a comprehensive bug out bag list. Having a quality bug out bag is only
half the battle, you need suitable survival gears and survival skills to face
Do note, you can further split this into categories too such
as children’s Bug out bag or even a bug out bag for the elderly! There’s no
hard and fast rule as to how you should pack your bug out bag, but I’ll raise
some of the common items everyone should consider putting in their bug out bag.
In my view, there are some fundamental items your bag should
contain, and you can customize your bag for different emergency situations.
The purpose of making a bug out bag list is so that you will
have a clear idea of what you need (making a distinction between your wants and
needs). Although we don’t know what the future holds, you can’t be bringing too
many things. There’s no way you can carry it for long hours.
The goal is to keep only items that help you become
self-sufficient, surviving various situations. You don’t need to stuff any
fancy shmancy tools that you don’t use. With that said, let’s see what are the
top items you need for your bug out bag.
Water is placed number 1 because of its importance. Without
getting proper water supply, your success of surviving a bug-out situation will
drastically decrease. I would suggest
prioritizing the need to get good water supply before even thinking about food.
Especially if you are caught in hot weather, you may suffer from dehydration.
Water can be seen in 2 aspects, (1) Storage and (2)
For Storage, you can use water bottles
or even sealed pouches. The water bottle you choose should be solid and has no
paint or coating.
Ideally, you should keep 3 liters of water in your bag
because it’s suggested that one adult should drink at least 1 liter of water
per day. Since you are aiming to survive for 72 hours, you’ll need 3 liters.
You can even get a Platypus Bladder, where most of them has
holsters for a bladder container which you can use to store water and drink
from it. Make sure to get one that is easily collapsible so that you can store
it with ease when you are not using it.
For Purification, you can keep some
iodine tablets or some other device to filter the water.
You need to pick your water purification tablets wisely
because there are a huge range of products in the market, manufactured for different
needs. For example, some tablets are made to purify water you obtain from
Alternatively, you can pack water filters such as LifeStraw.
They are often compact, which makes packing them easy.
To kill two birds with one stone, I would suggest storing a
backpack stove because they are an excellent tool for cooking water and food.
Let’s be real, it’s extremely time consuming to get an A-frame logwood to
ignite. This would be highly dependent on your surroundings as well, if the
temperature is cold or its drizzling, the probability of you successfully
setting up a campfire would fall drastically.
Since water is heavy, you need to consider how to balance
the need to pack clean water, and getting water purifiers as substitute.
Next, you may want to ensure that you have enough food
supply. There are several criteria to consider, including how long the food can
last, how much energy content does it contain and what nutrients it has.
You definitely need to keep some food supply packed in your
bug out bag to keep your body healthy and obtain stamina. You should definitely
consider the weight of the food as well.
If you live in a rural setting, you can consider packing
hunting gears so that you can hunt animals as a source of food when you are en
route to your bug out location.
If you don’t want to make things complicated, you can just
get any energy bars that is jam-packed with calories. If you want to be more
careful with what food you pack, you can check out this list of food which I
Energy bars – It’s
important that you distinguish between a food bar, a ration bar and even a
candy bar. Candy bar is self-explanatory, so I’ll skip that.
Ration bars are
often packed in mylar, which are made of a combination of flour, vitamins and
electrolytes. Ration bars usually have a bland taste, made to address a
particular emergency situation.
Since there are many types and flavors in the market, you
need to test them out to see which one you like. You can check out Mayday Apple
Cinnamon Bar which come in individual packets and they come with specific
flavours. Or, you can even choose the Datrex 3600 Food Ration Bar which comes
with multiple bars with each sub-packaged to ensure freshness.
Some do not consider this as food for your bug out bag
because they are designed to save lives (such as being stored in
lifeboats). But to me, they are
fundamental items you should store as well.
For Food bars,
they are portable bars which taste better than ration bars. Most of them taste
like candy or even cookies. These bars are made to give you energy and
sufficient nutrition as well. However, ration bars tend to give more nutrients
because they are ‘made’ that way.
You can check out Clif Bars to get food bars that have a
good source of protein and fiber.
MREs – Meals
Ready to Eat (MREs) or “wet food” often taste better than energy bars. Also,
most MREs are made to last for years. If you would like to prioritize long-term
storage, MREs would be your top pick.
However, your body may have some reactions to MREs if you
are not used to consuming them. This can be solved by getting your body used to
Dehydrated Food –
Dehydrated foods are excellent for long-term storage but they are a bit pricey.
Dehydrated food requires a reasonable amount of water to re-constitute, which
cause you to use-up some clean water-supply.
Mountain House is THE company to look out for when it comes
to dehydrated food. They are known for producing survival food kits and
dehydrated food that taste awesome!
Clothing comes hand in hand with shelter, because both of
them are aimed to protect you from external elements.
Although there are various disaster scenarios that you may
be caught in, you can still reasonably predict what environment you will be in
when Shit Hit the Fan.
To make your thought-system more systematic, you can think
of what layer of clothing you need to pack for.
For myself, I would like to see it as Base Layer Clothing,
Mid-layer clothing and outer-layer clothing. Each layer has different functions
The base layer is meant to keep your body as dry as
possible. This means that getting a fabric that easily absorbs moisture would
be ideal. Keeping your body dry throughout the bug out scenario is important to
avoid bacterial growth and it helps keep you comfortable. I’ll suggest that you
use cotton or wool for base layer clothing.
For mid-layer clothing, its purpose is to help maintain your
body temperature. Therefore, it’s important that you get a mid-layer clothing
with good insulative qualities. For this layer, the materials which you can
look out for is cotton, wool and fleece.
The Outer layer should be waterproof and durable but allows
moisture to escape. One excellent material you can consider is jackets that are
coated with membrane.
With that said, here are some general ideas for what clothes
you need to pack – spare clothes, long pants, coat, boots, extra socks,
mid-layer shirts and a hat.
In your bug out bag, you need to include some type of shelter
to protect your body from external elements. You can either pack a tarpaulin
sheet, a tent or a sleeping bag.
Tents are really
comfortable to be in, but they are heavy and bulky. Try to get a tent that
weighs less than 5 lbs so that you won’t go overboard on the weight.
If you are looking for something more portable, you can opt
for tarps. Since you can set them up into different configurations, they are
definitely more feasible to be used in most situations.
Since ‘shelter’ include anything that protects your body
from external elements, it will include fire starting kits as well.
A general list of items you can consider include a space
blankets (first aid blankets), poncho, Tarp, sleeping bags and tents.
As for a list of items to help you maintain surrounding heat.,
you can consider getting a firestarting kit, single Burner Folding stove, hand
warmer and windproof torch lighter.
Shelter is important because exposure to cold temperature
for long hours can kill you. If you stay in a place with extreme weather, you
need to take shelter SERIOUSLY. For cold weather, you will need to find ways to
create heat sources so that you can retain your body heat. Make sure you don’t
lose your body heat unnecessarily.
If you live in an area with warm weather, you may have to
consider bringing more water and packing more loose clothing.
5. Medical Supplies
Getting ready a first aid kit in your bug out bag is a
MUST-HAVE. Usually, they won’t take up a lot of space.
Medical supplies are highly personalized, so you need to mull
through what you need to use. This includes going through what are the
potential diseases that you will likely contract.
To do this, you need to know what are the injuries that you
will most likely face in a bugging out situation. There are various categories
of injuries including Traumatic injuries, burn injuries, minor wounds, mobility
injuries, infectious diseases and your individual medical needs.
To understand your individual medical needs, you need to go
through a personal screening by talking to your doctor and ask what are the
medicines you need.
Generally, it’s important to include some basic items such a
bandage, disinfectants and scissors. Other items you can consider are
Tourniquets, Israeli Bandages, Hygiene Kit, Wet Naps or even ThyroSafe
Potassium Iodine Tablets.
To Sum Up
I hope that the bug out bag list has helped you consider
different aspects as to what you should pack. This list is aimed to help you
create a new bug out bag list, which is definitely not an exhaustive list. Feel
free to give your suggestions in the comments on what to add in the list.
Bear in mind the important factors when considering which items you want to store in your bag. Be sure to take into account other considerations too such as what location you live in, what bug-out skills you have, what are the likely threat you will face and how many people you need to protect. With all these factors considered, I am sure your success of surviving a calamity will drastically increase.